Mozambique and Angola were Portuguese colonies until 1976. Both counties had numerous swimming pools, complete with diving boards, provided by the large companies that were also responsible for building towns for their employees.
Today few of the facilities still exist, except in photographs.
Laying on the eastern border of South Africa, Mozambique was a popular tourist destination for South Africans and Rhodesians, who traveled down the main road from Umtali to Beira. Angola was less accessible from South Africa, but still a part of international swimming until 1976. In 1973 the SA Schools swimming team was due to compete in Angola before the trip was cancelled.